Permanent relief of nasal obstruction and snoring caused by a deviated nasal septum requires surgical correction. Called a septoplasty, or sub-mucous resection, this procedure is performed in an outpatient setting under local or general anesthesia. All incisions are made inside the nose. Although there is temporary nasal congestion following surgery, patients generally do not experience pain. There is no external swelling or black-and-blue bruising unless cosmetic nasal surgery was also performed in conjunction with nasal septal surgery. The most common complication in nasal septal and turbinate surgery is bleeding, which requires the placement of additional nasal packing.